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The National Curriculum for Key Stage Two (Years 3 to 6)


We aim to provide a curriculum that enables all children to attain their full potential in literacy. We provide the experience of language within a structured, progressive, balanced and varied programme of study.

In Spoken Language, children have opportunities to participate in a wide range of activities, for example, collaborative work in groups or pairs, sharing opinions, questioning, role play, performing to an audience in school productions.

We teach the skills that enable children to become confident and competent readers. Our library provides a rich and diverse selection of reading materials. Further information about the teaching of reading and spelling are available here.

We teach children to write in a meaningful way for a variety of purposes and audiences.


In the teaching of mathematics we aim to enable children to be actively involved in experiencing the mathematical curriculum in a variety of ways. It is important that not only do they develop their understanding of mathematical concepts, but they also acquire skills that they will need to use in everyday situations.

In Key Stage Two children are given opportunities to develop mental and oral skills, to learn and practise basic skills in number, shape, space, measures and handling data and to apply those skills to problem solving tasks and investigations.


Science is an integral part of modern life and we aim to challenge our pupils and stretch their imaginations.

During years 3 and 4, pupils should be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:

  • asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them

  • setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests

  • making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers

  • gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions

  • recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables

  • reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions

  • using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions

  • identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes

  • using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.

During years 5 and 6, pupils should be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of the programme of study content:

  • planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary
  • taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate

  • recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs

  • using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests

  • reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations

  • identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.



We believe that ICT is a key part of our children's learning. Wherever possible, the technical skills they acquire through specific ICT teaching are set in a cross curricular context. This learning commitment is supported by the school's networked computing system which links the classroom and the ICT suite computers to the Internet.

Art & Design

By observation and experiment, children develop an awareness of colour, shape and texture in the world around them and an ability to express their response to it through the use of different materials. Children are given experience of a range of artistic styles through being introduced to the work of artists from different periods. Our children's work is displayed around the school, in classrooms and on the school website.


All of our children have a class music lessons in which they play a wide variety of games encompassing listening, composing and performing. We hold a KS2 music assembly each week where we learn new songs together.

Lots of extra-curricular musical activities take place at Willow Tree. Music teachers offer tuition on the guitar, piano, drums, woodwind, string and brass instruments and we have an active Choir.

Design and Technology

Children are given the opportunity to develop their design and technology skills by combining their designing and making skills with knowledge and understanding in order to design and make products.

From an early age our children enjoy constructing models and are asked to explain processes they have gone through. Children are encouraged to plan their designs and choose the materials they will need from a wide selection of resources.

During their making they are encouraged to discuss and evaluate their progress in order to improve their design where it is needed.


Through History we aim to foster in the children an appreciation of change and continuity, an awareness of the nature of evidence, an empathy with the past, an ability to pose historical questions and a sense of chronology and time.

Our children learn about famous people, events and developments in British history, and also study an ancient civilisation. Our curriculum aims are supported and enhanced by visits to places of interest, visiting speakers and special curriculum days during which the staff and children dress up and take part in historical role play activities


Geography is the study of the environment, local to global, and the physical and human forces that shape it. In order to develop a true understanding of their environment, we encourage our children to ask questions about and show an interest in their surroundings.

The children develop a knowledge of distant places and different cultures and are encouraged to care about the world they live in, appreciating the effects that humans have upon it.

Map skills and aspects of physical Geography are taught in the context of the places studied.

Physical Education

Our Sporting Aims are to help children to:

  • Participate in physical activity and a healthy lifestyle

  • Develop and understand the importance of good sporting behaviour

  • Learn how to be part of a team

  • Value both group and individual achievements

  • Take part in competitive activities

In addition to the National Curriculum programme of study for PE and Games, children in Key Stage 2 take part in district and school competitions in the following sports: netball, rounders, football, cricket, athletics, rugby and swimming.

All children in Years 3 to 6 swim in our school pool weekly.

Religious Education

Our children also learn about all the major world religions and we aim to foster links with other faith communities.

The ethos of the school forms the basis of the moral education at Willow Tree. We expect everyone in the school to show consideration and tolerance for others.

We follow the agreed North Yorkshire syllabus for R.E., which aims to teach children about religion and to ensure that they learn from the moral teachings of religions.

Assemblies are held every day and take a variety of forms, including class assemblies. We like to end the week with a Champions award assembly where we can share in the work and achievements of the children and we award our special 'Golden Jumpers'.

Should parents not wish their children to attend collective worship or Religious Education, they can be withdrawn and suitable arrangements may be made following consultation with the Headteacher.



All Key Stage 2 children are taught Spanish.


Personal, social, Health & Citizenship Edication (PSHCE)

This programme of study incorporates Drug education and Sex education. PSHCE provides essential knowledge, skills and understanding for all our pupils. It comprises of three strands:

  • Social and moral responsibility

  • Community development

  • Political literacy

In our school we aim to ensure that all our pupils will value their achievements, deal with risks, meet the challenges of life now and in the future and identify their values and strive to live up to them.

Pupils are encouraged to become involved in the running of the school through our School Council. This includes decision-making, taking responsibility and learning about democracy.

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